fe136 cadre


The « Documentation française »

Formation Emploi, n° 136 , december 2016, 156 p.


Price 24,50 € 

Only abstracts are in English, texts are in French.


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Social trajectories are becoming increasingly varied, particularly for young people. This is due to the proliferation of training pathways, the differentiation of employment regimes and uncertainties in the economy and the labour market. How are trajectories constituted in such an evolving context?
By looking at a number of examples in different countries, this issue encourages us to view individual trajectories as embedded in collective dimensions.


English Abstract


An «active social» School for students active, qualified and well oriented

Geneviève Mottet

This paper reports on measures taken by the Ministry of Education in Geneva since the early 1990s, regarding the problem of young people’s employability. Based on an analysis of the political line and implemented policies of three successive Ministers of Education, the article reports on the genesis and development of an active social policy in the field of education. Thus, the reform was developed in two phases, each of which includes specific references to political action: that of the “Active School” (1990 - 2000) and that of the “Active Social School” (2000 - 2015).



Four years after middle school: feedback on apprenticeship aspirants courses

Marie-Hélène Jacques

Our investigation followed 14 teenagers during four years after they left middle school, expecting as a prioritary wish, to prepare a certificate of professional capacity with an alternance training.  Based on recurrent interviews, our longitudinal analysis characterizes four different types of courses: those who continue their training after a first degree; those who quit and seek employment; those who change their professional orientation; those who encounter breaks in their course.



Trainer of professional football: route of a spoiled player?

Jean Bréhon, Hugo Juskowiak, Loïc Sallé

If the access to the occupation of trainer of football of the elite (league 1 and league 2) is regulated by selective formations and titles of which the French federation of football is only agent, does there exist a dominant ideal-typical figure of the technicians received with the Patent of professional trainer? We propose, in this article, to analyze the trajectories of the trainees received with the diploma for the occupation of trainer. For this purpose, we are interested particularly in the characteristics of the award-winnings, since 2002, to show that the access to the formation and the diploma, the position occupied at the entry on the market is closely related to advantages cumulated by the trainees during their career of player and technician.



From psychosocial risk to psychosocial resource: the challenge of activity development in employees in Higher Education and Research

Justine Arnoud, Cathel Kornig

This article focuses on a research conducted in a French public scientific organization. Through an approach based on the analysis of the activity, it examines work in the current context of Higher Education and Research as perceived by the employee and resources available to do a work “well done”. According to an analysis inspired by the work of Amartya Sen, it emerges that the approach of psychosocial resource and its motion is more promising for the development of the activity than the approach by psychosocial risks, so usually publicized. More broadly, the article questions the methods of prevention.



The activation to the insecurity of job seekers: two devices in French speaking part of Belgium

Julie Gérard, Didier Vrancken

The article analyses two activation devices in the French-speaking part of Belgium (a company of training through work and a service vouchers firm). It illustrates how, crossing employment policies of universal scope with particularistic policies for the most vulnerable people, brings out true traps of insecurity. This raises the question of the progressive development of a new regime of protection, operating at least, with the low qualified people facing the threat posed to the black market and, more broadly, labor informality.



Occupational outlooks for the recipients of an integration clause in public procurements

Nathalie Havet, Alexis Penot, Morgane Plantier

The French Code of Public Procurement allows to specify explicit integration clauses (i.e. social criteria) in public tenders. The successful tenderers are required to offer a minimal number of work hours to people with the weakest access to the labour market. This paper aims at studying the medium-term outlooks of the recipients of these clauses (6 to 20 months later). Our study is based on a telephone survey carried out with a representative recipients panel in the Lyon area. Our results highlight that some recipients improve their careers with an access to permanent employment. They show also that the duration of the clause, its capacity to make the recipients acquire a vocational training and to improve their self-confidence make it easier for people to get or retain jobs in the medium term.

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