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Drawing on a study based on a sample of master’s graduates who responded to Céreq’s Génération 2010 survey and were questioned again in 2014, the authors have tried to construct indicators of soft skills and then to measure the effects those skills have on salaries. It would appear that soft skills explain part of the pay of young master’s graduates from business and engineering schools. They particularly influence the highest salaries, which suggests these soft skills are particularly important for the most highly skilled jobs.


  • Even though the level of qualification and the subject studied still have an influence on young people’s salaries, perseverance, self-esteem, risk-taking and communication skills also have an effect on pay when numerous educational and social variables are controlled for (cf. Table 7 in theNet.doc149 publication).


  • On the other hand, an analysis by salary level shows that the effect is generally greater at the upper end of the pay distribution, which suggests these skills play an important role in determining access to the most highly skilled jobs.


  • It should be noted that the converse tends to be the case for the other variables. Obtaining a master’s degree or having professional experience tend to have the greatest effects at the lower end of the pay distribution.


  • On the other hand, the effect of soft skills at the top end of the pay distribution tends to be similar to that of other variables, whether they be educational (distinction or honours in the baccalaureate) or social (father’s occupation).


The authors conclude, in their article entitled L’effet des soft-skills sur la rémunération des diplômés/The effect of soft skills on graduate pay, that it is as if there are two types of labour market for graduates. The first provides access to higher-skill, better paid jobs but requires various cognitive and non-cognitive skills and networks in addition to a degree, whereas the second offers less well paid jobs but ones in which the objective components of human capital, such as degree and experience, are much more protective.


Read more (text in French)

L'effet des soft-skills sur la rémunération des diplômés

Ines Albandea, Jean-François Giret

Net.Doc n°149, janvier 2016, 31 p.


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Derniers évènements



Inclusion of non-formal education in NQF-in

Matteo Sgarzi and Josiane Paddeu will attend the third meeting for the project “Developing organisational and financial models for including non-formal sector qualifications in National Qualifications Frameworks (NQF-in)”, which will take place in Split, Croatia,  the 29 th and 30 th of September. The meeting will focus in the presentation of the National reports first drafts on the inclusion process of non-formal education in national qualifications frameworks.


Territory and students perseverance

Céline Vivent will attend a conference of  ACFAS MONTREAL in Quebec, on  May 11th, 2016 on "Territory and students perseverance  : Inequalities, social risks, monitoring and prevention." Her communication will focus on "educational alliances through the prism of territories."


Empowerment, capacity and Capability

Josiane Vero will participate in an International workshop on “Empowerment, capacity and Capability: Capabilities in between social sciences and pragmatist philosophy”, organized by the Wissenschaftskolleg (Wiko), in Berlin, the 21 and 22 of April 2016. She will present a paper on “Beyond Empowerment: How French Corporate Policies Matter for Worker’s Capabilities”.



Céreq will receive a delegation from the BIBB composed, among others, of prof. Reinhold Weiss and Me Birgit Thomann, for the signature of the biannual cooperation agreement between BIBB and Céreq. The joint objective is to promote vocational education and training research by cooperation projects and  mutual support.




Valentine Henrard will be present at the the Final Seminar of the Eurograduate Feasibility Study, in March 15th 2016 . http://www.eurograduate.eu/events/berlin_2016

11-12 /02/2016

 Worked-linked training in France

Isabelle Borras will present current developments on “Continuing Higher Education (CHE)  and worked-linked training in France ” in the frame of the  Cedefop workshop 'Fostering partnerships for continuing training', in Thessaloniki, 11-12 February 2016.


Inclusion of qualifications in the NQF

Matteo Sgarzi et Josiane Paddeu made a presentation on French solutions related to inclusion of qualifications in the NQF, the 1st and 2nd of February 2016, in Dublin

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