Couverture Céreq Formation Emploi 142 - Génération 2010 : diversité des parcours de réussite
Formation Emploi (in English), n° 142, August 2018, 291 p.

Génération 2010: diversity of pathways to work success

Published on
22 August 2018

How can young people successfully manage their departure from the education system and their early careers? This issue explores a lot of answers to these questions and challenges normative representations of the school-to-work transition. It sheds light on the diversity of situations and contexts, particularly depending on region, educational pathway, mobility during or after education, gender, rural or urban environment, motivation, relationship to work and individuals' family and housing situation. To this end, this special report draws mainly on analyses of the Céreq Génération 2010 survey.

Access to apprenticeship: a matter of regional expenditures?

J. Calmand, T. Couppié, V. Henrard

?Apprenticeship is unequally distributed over the French territory, with strong regional disparities. The objective of this paper is to study the relationship between regional expenditures on professional training, and access to apprenticeship in each region. To do that, we constructed an original panel data set on regional expenditures in metropolitan France. We also use individual-level data (?  ?Céreq?  ? ?  ?Génération 2010?  ?) to study the individual decision to complete an apprenticeship, once regional characteristics are taken into account.?

Experiences abroad during studies and transition to labour market : complex links, for what added value?

M. Garrouste, F. Kramarz, C. Zizzo

Convinced of the link between transnational mobility and the employability of young people, public policies encourage them to go abroad during their studies. The analysis of the Céreq survey "Génération 2010, 2013, a follow-up survey amongst school-leavers in 2010", reveals both the diversity of these experiences, concentrated in higher education, and that it is difficult to conclude on surplus value for job market integration. And even more so when it comes to relocating these experiences within individual trajectories of geographical mobility during school and work histories. Nevertheless, by controlling the characteristics of these trajectories, long-term experiences abroad provide a small wage gain for young people who have not experienced any other geographical mobility during or after their studies.

How do apprenticeships promote the professional integration of CAP -BEPs (Vocational training certificates-School-leaving diplomas)?

T. Couppié, C. Gasquet

Two mechanisms identified herein may encourage the professional integration of apprentices acquiring CAP or BEP vocational training qualifications.On the one hand, the link between apprentices and their host company may lead to them being kept on in the company after their training period. On the other hand, the apprenticeship may better prepare them than the conventional academic course for the trades targeted by the diploma, providing a comparative advantage in this segment of the labour market. While being kept on in the training company seems to characterise favourable career paths, the first job' qualification-trade relationship does not appear to indicate a more favourable outcome three years after the end of training.

Experiences abroad during studies and transition to labour market: complex links, for what added value?

J. Calmand, S. Condon, K. Pietropaoli, P. Rouaud, E. Santelli

Convinced of the link between transnational mobility and the employability of young people, public policies encourage them to go abroad during their studies. The analysis of the Céreq survey "Génération 2010, 2013, a follow-up survey amongst school-leavers in 2010", reveals both the diversity of these experiences, concentrated in higher education, and that it is difficult to conclude on surplus value for job market integration. And even more so when it comes to relocating these experiences within individual trajectories of geographical mobility during school and work histories. Nevertheless, by controlling the characteristics of these trajectories, long-term experiences abroad provide a small wage gain for young people who have not experienced any other geographical mobility during or after their studies.  

Does student employment have an impact on first year degree success?

C. Erard, C. Guégnard

This study aims to measure the impact of student employment on their academic achievement by focusing on students enrolled in the first year degree. Paid employment and its intensity are associated with a higher probability of dropping out of school and a lower probability of success. However, this abandonment is not due exclusively to the exercise of a salaried activity outside cursus.  

Employment for young people without school-leaving certificates: the rural premium

J. Zaffran

The situation of young people without diploma depends on their social characteristics. It also depends on the economic fabric and regional public policies for youth. Hence, the measurement of factors influencing access to the labour market or access to training is biased without the control of the regional context. The article first presents the impact of the regional level on the situation of employment, unemployment or training. Then, the multilevel analysis conducted from the Generation survey from Céreq estimates the weight of the weight of sociodemographic and school characteristics on their situation, and emphasizes the effect of the rural status of the main place of residence on employment. Finally, the results are put into the perspective of “regionalization”, which gives Regional Councils new competences for vocational training and employability of young people.  

Higher education dropout in the light of the capability approach

B. Ménard

?Drawing on Generation 2010 survey data, this article tries to explain the persistence of dropout in higher education, despite the active policies that challenge it. In the light of the capability approach, the analysis of determinants and temporality of dropout shows that this phenomenon does not only result from guidance and failure issues. Dropout also appears as an expression of very diverse strategies and incentives towards study courses, influenced by social origin.?

Getting into employment and involved in work: typical carrier paths for graduates of vocational education

E. Bonnet, K. Pietropaoli, E. Verley

Many scholars have analyzed the forms of school relegation of young people from vocational education backgrounds, their difficulties in accessing the labor market and the lower quality of their jobs. Based on the Céreq Generation Survey (2013), this article examines the educational and integration pathways of young people from secondary vocational education, their relation to work and employment. It discusses the notion of “success” and explores different situations in which this dual relationship to work and employment can be seen. Access to the labor market and its appreciation vary according to the training specialties, the types of jobs held and gender.?

Residential and occupational trajectories of young people: When access to employment does not sign “not living with parents”

P. Cordazzo

 According to the results of Cereq Génération 2010 survey, 57.4 % of young adults who left school in the last twenty years have lived, over the next three years, a sustainable professional trajectory of immediate or rapid access to employment. But, they are also close to 56 % to stay at home with their parents three years later. The analysis presented here combines the two types of occupational and residential trajectories and shows that leaving the parental home coincident not necessarily with financial emancipation and that access to employment is not synonymous with systematic housing situation of not living with parents. ? 

 

Additional articles

Does student employment have an impact on first year degree success?

M.-D. Sorho-Body Kady

This study aims to measure the impact of student employment on their academic achievement by focusing on students enrolled in the first year degree. Paid employment and its intensity are associated with a higher probability of dropping out of school and a lower probability of success. However, this abandonment is not due exclusively to the exercise of a salaried activity outside cursus.

Capabilities seen through the prism of self-determination: SME Leadership Clubs

S. Fernagu

The Capability Approach, developed by A. Sen, provides a reading grid in the field of training to assess the capacity of work and training practices and their contributions to the professional development of individuals. It is used in this way to analyze the functioning of "APM Clubs" (Association Progress Management) and their effects, especially in regard to the construction of the self-determination ability. ?

Offside referees? The evaluation of the referees of the amateur football in question

l. Sallé, O. Hidri-Neys

How work the evaluations of the referees of amateur football ? The modalities of evaluation used by the sports authorities are analyzed to judge the referees activity and to rank them. Resting on an equipment and a metrics complex, the processes of evaluation formalize and build the “good referee”. Nevertheless, they are influenced by the categories of perception of the reviewers and by the games of power generated by the situation of evaluation. The evaluative process confirm trends observed in other domains (formation, recruitment, evaluation of the work).

Génération 2010: diversity of pathways to success 

 

The «Documentation française», Formation Emploi, n° 142, August 2018, 291 p.
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Only abstracts are in English, texts are in French.

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Génération 2010: diversity of pathways to work success, Formation Emploi (in English), n° 142, 2018, 291 p. https://www.cereq.fr/en/generation-2010-diversity-pathways-work-success