Higher education and economic worlds: new insights
Opening the University toward the wider world around 1968 : between partial consensus, polarisation and compromise
The process of opening the University toward the wider world is an old one. Based on archival sources and testimonies, we will reconsider the actors that participated in the debate on the professionalization of the French universities during the 1950-60s. We will analyze their points of convergence and divergence, as well as the effects of the may '68 movement - which is itself connected to this debate - on the University policies conducted by the political authorities.
The composition of teaching staff as a reflection of the relations between engineering schools and the economic world
It's a commonplace to assure that engineering schools are in close relationship with the economic world. Nevertheless, if these relations are essential in the structuration of academic system and institutions, it's still difficult to describe them and to comprehend their effects of the training programme. This article considers these relations throught a study of the teaching staff composition. The author follows a socio-historical perspective which combine a study of its social construction as a structuring issue of the relationship between engineering schools and the economic world, and a monographic analysis of teachers' social features in one french engineering schools.
Universities as « modern » employers. The rise of « Human Resource Management » in the UK
This article examines the diffusion of « Human Resources Management » (HRM) practices in British universities. Discourses promoting the « modernisation » of employment practices have been followed by the adoption of standard management tools coming from the business sector. These tools have not always had systematic effects, yet the rise of HRM has had global consequences on the conditions of academic profession. First, HRM practices enabled new forms of control over academic work and careers. Second, they intensified divisions and differentiation between academic workers.
For-profit higher education in France in terms of the blurry lines set the legal framework : an overview
For-profit higher education is analyzed from a database of establishments owned by five private equity and multinational companies. This sector is established from the blurry lines set by laws, national commissions, agencies and ministries. First, French laws allow the students who are enrolled in the private sector to benefit from a range of benefits. Secondly, the for-profit sector is set from private-friendly regulations : the vocational registration, the rights to offer State diplomas and the acknowledgement of establishment.
Access to social formations between career choices and strategies
This paper presents the results of a quantitative and qualitative survey of students entering the schools of social work. Access to specialized schools to undertake studies in social training courses appears to be selective. Here we discuss how the project career and guidance strategies are built to access to social training in professional programs.
Unskilled young people : a variety of positions on the labor market
The results of this qualitative and longitudinal research that we have to present in this paper are about the process of young people, without diploma, who has left scholar system few years ago. Bulding on a typology, this article compare their positions to understand how and why these same positions seem to be more or less expensive and integrative fort those young.