The role of speciality in vocational training : evidence from France and Germany
The speciality in vocational training is often assumed to generate additional earnings only if the individual obtains a job in the same employment speciality. The results obtained for the youth finishing professional education in 1998, surveyed in 2001 in both France and Germany, indicate that this point of view must be nuanced. To begin with, a hierarchy of salaries exists among educational specialities, even in situations of education-job mismatch. Specialities in vocational training thus transmit the capacity to adapt to posts in other fields. Furthermore, youths in situations of mismatch benefit from unobserved individual characteristics. These findings are not in contradiction with the Assignment theory of worker-job allocation.