Varia n° 162
For a long time, schools were seen as a sanctuary, and the economy as an independent sphere. However, the strong interrelationships between success, educational pathways and social position are well established. This issue illustrates how institutions and individuals adapt to a variety of difficulties in unfavorable social and economic contexts, from the construction of the professional identity of school social workers in Switzerland, to the effects of the Garantie jeune scheme for young people in difficulty, in France, the impact of an active employment policy program for university graduates in Morocco, the determinants of students' entrepreneurial aspirations in Burkina Faso, and the retraining of oil industry workers turned trainers, also in France.
Construction of the professional identity of social workers in schools. The case of Switzerland
Pierre-François Coen, Alida Gulfi
The increase in socio-educational problems has led the school authorities in the canton of Fribourg (Switzerland) to promote a law that formally institutes the presence of social workers in compulsory schools. This article describes their profile, examines their responsibilities, their activities and the relationships they have with actors inside and outside schools. The data collected are analysed in the light of Donnay and Charlier’s (2008) model of professional identity and highlight the diversity of profiles, contexts and situations in which professionals are involved. They underline the need to see social workers as people who are able to adjust to the diversity of needs of each other.
Social skills as measured by the beneficiaries of the Garantie jeunes and potential recruiters
This article looks at the direct and indirect effects of the Garantie jeunes in terms of professional and social integration, while also focusing on the development of the social skills of its beneficiaries. It is based on a qualitative longitudinal method with beneficiaries of the scheme, with 55 semi-structured interviews. Also, 174 recruiters were interviewed using a quantitative method, more specifically the vignette method. The effects of the Garantie jeunes vary according to the categories of young people identified, both on professional and social integration, but also on the soft skills of beneficiaries. For young people, the Garantie jeunes represents a transition, a springboard, or a temporary stop. At the same time, these skills appear as a positive signal when they are mentioned on the CV.
The subsidized employment scheme "Idmaj" in Morocco: mixed evidence on beneficiaries' employability
Abdellatif Chatri, Khadija Hadef, Naima Samoudi
This article aims to assess the impact of the wage subsidy scheme “Idmaj”, one of the main pillars of Morocco’s active labor market policy, which seeks to promote salaried employment for youth graduates. To do so, the propensity score matching method was adopted and applied to the data from a survey conducted by the Ministry of Labor. Our results suggest that wage subsidies in Morocco have a positive but slightly significant effect on reducing unemployment and improving employment and a significant negative impact on wages. It also highlights some heterogeneous program effects, particularly for women. Finally, it seems that the program did not serve as a stepping stone to higher paying, quality work and had, on the opposite, a stigmatizing effect on the targeted beneficiaries.
Students’ aspiration to entrepreneurship : between financial motivation and desire for autonomy. The context of Burkina Faso
Arthur Félix W. Sawadogo
In response to increasing unemployment, governments in developing countries such as Burkina Faso consider the promotion of entrepreneurship as an essential part of their development policy. This article aims to identify the determinants of students’ aspiration to entrepreneurship, mainly from the perspective of economic theory following E. P. Lazear’s theoretical approach. Students’ entrepreneurial aspirations depend particularly on their skills portfolio and result from a trade-off between financial and non-financial expectations in employment. Other factors, such as personal and academic characteristics, are decisive in students’ entrepreneurial orientation.
Why trainning in e declining industry ? Workers in an oil company school
This article deals with the training of experienced oil industry workers. Since 2011, the training has taken place in a former refinery that was converted into a company school when it was closed. The training is given by employees who held technical positions on the site before it was shut down. In the particular social configuration of this school, the training courses bring together actors who are differently situated in the context of the decline of the oil industry in Europe. Based on participant observations of the training sessions, this article highlights what happens during the sessions, considered both as collective activities and as a window of knowledge on the transformations of the participants’ relationship to work.
Read the full article (fr.) : https://www.cairn.info/revue-formation-emploi-2023-2.htm
The «Documentation française», Formation Emploi, n° 162, 2023/2, 102 p.
Only abstracts are in English, texts are in French.