Vocational training at french firms : A reflex or a strategy ?
Two different managerial approaches can induce fi rms to provide their staff with vocational training. In the fi rst case, competences are an integral part of the fi rm’s overall strategy and their management is carefully planned in advance. The second approach is a more adaptive one: in this case, vocational training corresponds to a specifi c response to the changes undergone by the firm. Although vocational training does not seem to be usually part of companies’ formal strategic repertoire, this does not mean that fi rms are set in their ways, since they adapt the competences of their employees to ongoing structural changes. The advent of novel processes and products and the introduction of quality assurance procedures favour recourse to continuing vocational training.